What Causes Lower Back Pain in Women?

Lower back pain is a common complaint among females, affecting approximately 80% of women at some point in their lives. Studies have shown that females are more likely to experience lower back pain than males.

Anyone, from busy moms to working professionals, can experience the discomfort and limitations of this condition. But what exactly causes lower back pain in women? Is it purely a result of physical strain, or are other underlying factors at play?

In this blog, we will explore why women may experience lower back pain and provide tips and solutions for managing and preventing this all-too-familiar issue. Whether you are currently dealing with lower back pain or simply want to educate yourself on possible causes, keep reading to learn more.

What are the common causes of lower back pain in females?

Lower back pain can be attributed to various factors such as hormonal changes, anatomical differences, and societal expectations. Let’s dive into the common causes of lower back pain in females and provide insights on managing and preventing it.


One of the most common causes of lower back pain in females is pregnancy. As the baby grows, the body undergoes many changes, including an increase in weight and a change in posture. These changes can strain the lower back, leading to pain. Additionally, hormonal changes during pregnancy can cause the ligaments in the pelvic area to relax, leading to increased pressure on the spine.

Tip: Prenatal yoga or regular low-impact exercise can help improve strength and flexibility, reducing the risk of lower back pain during pregnancy. Consulting with a physical therapist can also help alleviate pain.

Menstrual cramps: 

Many women experience lower back pain during their menstrual cycle, especially during the first few days. This is due to the release of prostaglandins, which can cause the muscles in the uterus to contract and lead to lower back pain. Women with preexisting conditions such as endometriosis or fibroids may experience more severe pain.

Tip: Over-the-counter pain relievers, heat therapy, and gentle stretching can help alleviate lower back pain caused by menstrual cramps.

Posture and sedentary lifestyle:

In today’s sedentary lifestyle, many women spend long hours sitting at a desk, leading to a slouched posture. This can strain the lower back muscles and lead to pain. Additionally, lack of physical activity and strength can weaken the muscles that support the spine, making it more susceptible to injuries and pain.

Tip: Practice good posture, take frequent breaks to stretch and move, and incorporate regular exercise, such as walking or strength training, to improve back strength and reduce pain.


Osteoporosis, a condition where bones become weak and brittle, can also lead to lower back pain in females. This is because the bones in the spine may become more prone to fractures due to the loss of bone density. Postmenopausal women are at a higher risk of developing osteoporosis.

Tip: Eating a diet rich in calcium and vitamin D, along with regular weight-bearing exercise, can help prevent or slow down the progression of osteoporosis and reduce the risk of lower back pain.

Stress and emotional distress: 

While physical factors are often the main culprits for lower back pain, emotional distress and stress can also play a role. Studies have shown that stress and anxiety can cause muscle tension, leading to pain in the lower back.

Tip: Engaging in relaxation techniques, such as deep breathing, meditation, or yoga, can help reduce stress and alleviate lower back pain caused by emotional distress.

Understanding the common causes can help reduce the risk of lower back pain and provide relief. It is also essential to consult a healthcare provider for a correct diagnosis and personalized treatment plan.

Dr. Saville is a board-certified spine surgeon, and he is known for his expertise in microdiscectomy procedures, minimally invasive spine surgery, and motion-preserving procedures, including cervical and lumbar disc replacements.

Symptoms of lower back pain in females

Lower back pain in females can manifest in various ways and severity. Some common symptoms include:

  1. A dull, constant ache in the lower back
  2. Sharp, shooting pain that radiates down the legs
  3. Muscle spasms or stiffness in the lower back
  4. Difficulty standing, walking, or performing daily activities
  5. Numbness or tingling sensation in the legs
  6. Pain during menstruation

How can lower back pain be managed?

Various factors, such as injuries, poor posture, and certain health conditions, can cause lower back pain and significantly impact an individual’s daily life. Fortunately, there are ways to manage lower back pain, allowing individuals to live a more comfortable and pain-free life.

Let’s discuss the various methods and techniques for managing lower back pain.

Consider getting professional treatment

If the pain is unbearable, it is advisable to seek professional treatment. Experienced surgeons like Dr. Saville can diagnose accurately and recommend a treatment plan tailored to your needs. Treatment options may include physical therapy, chiropractic care, or in some cases, surgery. Seeking professional help can provide long-term relief and improve overall back health.

Exercise regularly

One of the best ways to manage lower back pain is by incorporating exercise into your daily routine. Exercise helps to strengthen the back muscles, improve flexibility, and reduce the risk of future injuries. Low-impact exercises such as walking, swimming, and yoga are recommended for those with lower back pain. These activities help to stretch and strengthen the muscles in the back, providing much-needed relief.

Practice good posture

Poor posture is a common cause of lower back pain. Slouching or sitting for prolonged periods can strain the back muscles, leading to pain and discomfort. To manage lower back pain, it is essential to practice good posture. Keep your shoulders back, chest out, and stomach in when standing. Keep your back straight when sitting, and ensure your feet are flat on the ground. Practicing good posture not only helps to alleviate current pain but also prevents future flare-ups.

Use hot and cold therapy

Applying hot and cold therapy can effectively manage lower back pain. Heat therapy, such as a heating pad or a warm bath, helps relax tight muscles and increase blood flow to the affected area. On the other hand, cold therapy, such as using an ice pack or a cold compress, helps to reduce inflammation and numbs the pain. Alternate between heat and cold therapy for 15-20 minutes for maximum relief.

Chiropractic care

Visiting a chiropractor for spinal manipulations and adjustments can help alleviate pressure on the nerves and muscles in the lower back, providing long-term relief from pain.

Try over-the-counter pain medication

Over-the-counter pain medication can provide temporary relief from lower back pain. Options such as ibuprofen, acetaminophen, and naproxen are commonly used for managing pain and inflammation. However, it is essential to consult with a healthcare professional to ensure it is safe before taking any medication.

With these methods and techniques, you can effectively manage lower back pain and live a pain-free life. Incorporate them into your daily routine and start enjoying the activities you love without the added burden of back pain. 

Get Relief from Lower Back Pain at Saville Spine Institute

If you’re suffering from lower back pain caused by a herniated disc, then Saville Spine Institute has a solution for you – microdiscectomy procedures. Renowned as a leading spine institute in Florida, our team of experienced and skilled spine surgeons specializes in minimally invasive microdiscectomy, a highly effective treatment option for herniated discs and other back conditions. We understand women’s unique causes of lower back pain and provide personalized treatment plans to help alleviate your symptoms. 

Choosing Saville Spine Institute for your concierge orthopedics and spinal care means choosing excellence, personalized attention, and comprehensive services. 

Say goodbye to constant aches and discomfort, and hello to a pain-free, active lifestyle. Don’t wait any longer. Schedule your consultation today and take the first step towards a healthier, happier you with Saville Spine Institute. Your back will thank you!


The material on this site is for informational purposes only and DOES NOT CONSTITUTE THE PROVIDING OF MEDICAL ADVICE, and is not intended to be a substitute for independent professional medical judgment, advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions or concerns you may have regarding your health.

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