Lower Back Slipped Discs: Causes, Symptoms, and Solutions

When it comes to back pain, few conditions are as notorious as slipped discs in the lower back. These slipped discs一also known as herniated discs or ruptured discs一can be excruciatingly painful and debilitating. But what exactly are they, and how can you deal with them? 

In this comprehensive guide, we’ll explore the causes, symptoms, and effective solutions for lower back slipped discs.

What is a slipped disc in the lower back?

Slipped discs occur when the soft, gel-like center (nucleus) of an intervertebral disc protrudes or ruptures through the tough outer ring (annulus). In the lower back, this condition is often called a lumbar herniated disc

Symptoms often vary depending on the severity and location of the slipped disc. Common signs include the following:

It’s important to note that not everyone with a slipped disc will experience all of these symptoms, and some individuals may have only mild discomfort. Additionally, the severity of symptoms can change over time.

What causes a slipped disc?

Several factors can contribute to the development of herniated discs in the lower back region. This includes the following:


As we age, the discs in our spine naturally undergo wear and tear, becoming less flexible and more susceptible to injury. This degenerative process is one of the primary causes of slipped discs.

Trauma or injury

An acute injury or trauma to the lower back, such as a fall, accident, or lifting heavy objects with improper technique, can cause a disc to herniate. 

Sudden pressure on the spine can force the disc’s inner material to push through a weakened area of the outer ring.

Repetitive strain

Repeated movements or activities that put stress on the lower back, such as heavy lifting, bending, or twisting, can lead to micro-injuries in the disc’s outer layer over time. These micro-injuries can accumulate and eventually result in a herniated disc.


Some individuals may have a genetic predisposition to disc degeneration and herniation. Family history can play a role in determining the likelihood of developing spinal disc issues.

Degenerative disc disease

This condition refers to the natural aging process of the spine, where the discs lose water content and become less flexible. This degeneration can make the discs more prone to herniation.

How is a lower back slipped disc diagnosed?

To diagnose a lumbar herniated disc, your doctor may employ imaging tests such as MRI, CT scans, or X-rays. Additionally, a thorough physical examination and medical history review are essential.

During the evaluation, your doctor will assess your pain, range of motion, reflexes, and sensory functions. They will also inquire about your symptoms and any potential triggers.

What are the treatment options for slipped discs in the lower back?

Treatment options for herniated discs in the lumbar region vary depending on the severity of symptoms and individual factors. 

The goal of treatment is to alleviate pain, reduce inflammation, promote healing, and improve the patient’s overall quality of life. Here are the main treatment options:

Conservative treatments

Non-surgical treatment for lower back slipped discs includes rest, physical therapy, anti-inflammatory medications, and epidural steroid injections. These approaches aim to reduce pain and promote healing without surgery.

Surgical treatment

Surgery is considered when conservative treatments fail to provide relief or in cases of severe symptoms. Common surgical procedures include

  1. Microdiscectomy

This minimally invasive surgical procedure involves removing the portion of the herniated disc that is pressing on the spinal nerves. It aims to relieve pain and neurological symptoms.

  1. Laminectomy

In cases where spinal stenosis is present along with a herniated disc, a laminectomy may be performed to remove a portion of the vertebra to create more space for the nerves.

  1. Spinal fusion

Spinal fusion surgery may be recommended in cases where multiple discs are affected or when there is instability in the spine. It involves fusing two or more vertebrae together to stabilize the spine.

What happens after the surgery?

After undergoing surgery for a slipped disc in the lower back, the post-operative period involves several critical phases of recovery and rehabilitation. 

The specifics of what happens after surgery can vary depending on the type of surgery performed and individual factors, but here is a general overview:

Immediate postoperative period

After surgery, you will spend some time in the recovery area, where healthcare professionals will monitor your vital signs and ensure you wake up safely from anesthesia. 

Some surgical approaches are performed on an outpatient setup, while others may require the patient to stay for a longer period. 

Recovery at home

Medications: You will likely be prescribed pain medications and possibly antibiotics to prevent infection. Follow your surgeon’s instructions for taking these medications.

Rest and activity: Rest is essential during the initial days following surgery, but you will gradually be encouraged to increase your activity level. Avoid heavy lifting and strenuous activities as recommended by your surgeon.

Wound care: Keep the surgical incision site clean and dry, and follow any specific instructions regarding wound care provided by your healthcare provider.

Follow-up appointments: You will have follow-up appointments with your surgeon to monitor your progress, assess wound healing, and discuss your recovery.

Rehabilitation and physical therapy

In many cases, your surgeon will recommend physical therapy to help regain strength, flexibility, and mobility in your lower back and legs. 

Physical therapists will provide exercises and techniques tailored to your specific needs. They will also guide you through a gradual return to activities of daily living and work. It’s important to follow their recommendations and not rush the recovery process.

Frequently asked questions on lumbar herniated disc

  1. Is it possible to fully recover from a slipped disc in the lower back?

Many individuals can achieve full or significant recovery through conservative treatments or surgery. However, recovery time varies among individuals.

  1. What is the expected recovery timeline for different treatment approaches?

Conservative treatments may take weeks to months, while surgical recovery can take several months to a year. Your doctor or medical team will provide personalized recovery timelines.

  1. How can you minimize the risk of recurrence after treatment?

Maintaining a healthy lifestyle, following your doctor’s recommendations, and practicing ongoing self-care can help reduce the risk of recurrence.

  1. Who is a good candidate for a lumbar herniated disc surgery?

A good candidate for such a procedure typically exhibits the following characteristics:

Candidates for surgery should generally be in reasonably good overall health with no contradictory health issues.

  1. What is the success rate of a lumbar herniated disc surgery? 

The success rate of lumbar herniated disc surgery is generally high, with most patients experiencing significant pain relief and improved function.

Where to find the best minimally invasive spine surgery near me?

At Saville Spine Institute, we are committed to setting the gold standard for spine care and medical services. We stand out as your top choice when it comes to spine-related health issues for our state-of-the-art technology, patient-centered approach, and world-class expertise in spine care.

We offer various services, from non-surgical treatments and minimally invasive procedures to complex spine surgeries. This includes the following:

And more!

If you’re looking for the top spine surgeons in Palm Beach County, then choose Saville Spine Institute. Contact us today to schedule a consultation and experience the difference for yourself.

The material contained on this site is for informational purposes only and DOES NOT CONSTITUTE THE PROVIDING OF MEDICAL ADVICE, and is not intended to be a substitute for independent professional medical judgment, advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare providers with any questions or concerns you may have regarding your health.

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